Book manuscript

Secret Wars: Covert Conflict in International Politics. Forthcoming, Princeton University Press, Princeton Studies in International History and Politics.

The book analyzes the covert side of five major 20th century conflicts, introducing a new theory of secrecy linking its use to states’ efforts to limit the scale and scope of conflict in an age of industrialized warfare and nuclear weaponry.  The theory is built, in part, on adapted insights from Erving Goffman about secrecy and the “back stage collusion” we use in everyday life to define our social encounters and avoid crises.  I analyze covert military intervention before, during, and after the Cold War. The book builds on the award winning article "Facing Off and Saving Face" (IO, 2016) and features case studies of the Spanish Civil War, Korean War, Vietnam War, the 1980s war in Afghanistan, and Iraq after 2003.  

Recent articles

Facing Off and Saving Face: Covert Intervention and Escalation Management in the Korean War, International Organization, 70 (1), 2016, pp. 103-131. [PDF]  
*Winner, Best Security Article Award, International Security Studies Section, International Studies Association 2018.

Covert Communication: The Intelligibility and Credibility of Signaling in Secret (with Keren Yarhi-Milo), Security Studies, Vol 26, No 1, 2017, pp. 124-156. [PDF]

The Spotlight’s Harsh Glare:  Rethinking Publicity and International Order (with Allison Carnegie), International Organization, forthcoming. [PDF] [Appendix]

Current papers (drafts available on request)

Hidden in Plain Sight: Escalation Control and the Covert Side of the Vietnam War (under review)

The Disclosure Dilemma: Nuclear Intelligence and International Organization [SSRN] (with Allison Carnegie) (under review)

Rethinking Secrecy in International Politics

Amity Lines and Escalation Ladders:  Schmitt, Schelling, and the Limited War Tradition (with Eric Grynaviski) (under review)

The Power in Opacity: Rethinking Information in International Organizations  (with Alexander Thompson)